Amiran-Isada

Amiran-Isada
   Literally, "commanders of a hundred." They were the members of a military class who served in the provinces during Muhammad bin Tughlaq's reign (1325-1351). They do not seem to have suffered in any significant measure as a consequence of the famine that ravaged Delhi and surrounding territories during the 1340s and that caused serious depletion of the central army commanded by the sultan himself. The resulting military imbalance within the sultanate contributed to repeated revolts by the amiran-i sada in distant provinces like Multan (1342), Daulatabad (1343), and Gujarat (1343). As an outcome of these revolts, there emerged in the Deccan a new sultanate headed by 'Ala al-Din Hasan Shah Bahmani (1347-1359).

Historical dictionary of Medieval India. . 2011.

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